In this study, Dr. Bouhania Goui addresses the elements that formed the “Algerian Experience in Combating Terrorism” through the accumulative experiences of the National Liberation Army (NLA) in the War of Independence (1954-1962m) and the Peoples National Army experience (PNA) in the Sands War in 1963. In addition to clandestine movements of jihadists returning from Afghanistan, and the emergence of a group called Mustafa Boaali in the mid eighties, followed by a painful experience in fighting militant Islamists during the nineties termed: Décennie Noire (The Black Decade).
The author notes the era of crisis management planning in Algeria during the Black Decade in three stages: Disabling the electoral process phase, fragmentation management phase and the fission of terrorism, and re-engineering the security map phase, and realizing the importance of peace and reconciliation. He also presents the successful experience Algeria witnessed to strengthen security and general order (The Experience of Reconciliation and The Fight Against Extremism), and explaining the policies of Peace and Civil Harmony ending with the National Reconciliation Policy.
For more on the study, please refer to the Arabic version of the text.
King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies