The KFCRIS conducts in-house research and attracts contributions by external researchers.
It currently hosts the following four research units:
In the past, the following research units existed: Contemporary Political Thought, Arabic Language, Saudi Studies, Saudi Memory, Modernity, Iranian Studies, Energy Studies, Political Economy, Security Studies.
In 2020, the KFCRIS co-hosted T20 (Think20), one of the Engagement Groups of the Saudi G20 and the international network of research institutes and think-tanks, with the KAPSARC.
In December 2017, the KFCRIS hosted the Annual Islamic Political Thought Conference with the theme “Makkah and the Hijaz in the Imperial Era: Migrations and Scholarly Networks in the 19th and 20th Centuries" .
In May 2017, the KFCRIS hosted the Riyadh Forum on Countering Extremism and Fighting Terrorism under the sponsorship of the Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition.
In December 2016, the KFCRIS hosted the Annual Islamic Political Thought Conference with the theme "Political Quietism in Sunni, Shia and Sufi Jurisprudence."