Dirasat (KFCRIS Papers)
Author: Mark C. Thompson and Hanaa AlmoaibedCrown Prince Mohammed bin Salman addressed the contentious issue of (un)employment among Saudi nationals in an interview on 22nd April 2021, marking the fifth anniversary of the launch of Saudi Vision 2030. Highlighting the difference between “good jobs and bad jobs,” the Crown Prince defined a “good job” as one that provides basic needs, the ability to save, and the opportunity to lead a productive, healthy life. A good job, that is, a productive one, also mitigates the deadening impact of underemployment, an understudied phenomenon, especially in Saudi Arabia. Yet, the concept of what constitutes a good job is contested and evolving. For instance,
Author: Jeremy LuckySaudi Arabia has always been a significant diplomatic and trade partner for France in the Middle East. This study investigates why and how these relations were strengthened since the Arab Uprisings. Based on international relations theories and a sociological methodology, the research reveals that Saudi Arabia’s greater place in French foreign policy is driven by both an increased political convergence and economic interdependencies. These observations allow us to draw conclusions in order to reflect on the French strategy in Saudi Arabia and the Middle East. Policy recommendations encompass all aspects, such as pleading for a coherent European foreign policy, strengthenin
Author: Alaa Aldowaish and Othman AlmazyadThis publication is available in Arabic only.
Author: Eram AshrafThe study examines the opportunities and challenges that face a possible Saudi role in the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). It argues that while Saudi investments in Gwadar might be economically viable over the long-term, their real benefit lies in strengthening the Kingdom’s relationship with both China and Pakistan. Cooperation between the three states there has the potential to give rise to an Islamabad-Beijing-Riyadh triangle based on economic dynamics.
Author: Wan LeiThe article is a study of the hardships faced by foreign merchants from the Arabian Gulf who travelled to China between the seventh and the thirteenth centuries (coinciding with the Tang and Song dynasties). It highlights the stories of both well-known and more obscure foreign merchants by relying on accounts primarily drawn from classical Chinese historical documents and the foreign travel literature. The discussion is thematically divided into five sub-topics, each focusing on a particular hardship that merchants had to contend with: the dangers at sea; the troubles from warlords and pirates; imperial monopolies, duty-levies, and prohibitions; the corruption of Chinese officialdom; and
Author: Umer KarimPakistan and Saudi Arabia share a long history of close bilateral ties, bonded together by religion and a wide array of aligning political interests. Over the years, this bilateral relationship has matured into a strategic partnership, owing much to the blossoming of strong inter-personal ties between the ruling elites on both sides, a shared foreign policy outlook vis-à-vis both regional and international events, and collaboration in the security domain. With both sides realizing the limitations of inter-personal ties, a gradual move has begun to structure this per
Author: Hung Tak WaiChinese political philosophy during the imperial era, which included Confucianism as one of the main schools of thought, was a tradition that tightly fused ethics and politics together. Scholar-bureaucrats of the empire were obliged to promote an “ethical” way of living for the people. This changed in the early eighteenth century when followers of the Abrahamic religions grew to a significant number. Although tolerance for Islam and Christianity was not a universally accepted concept in the late imperial era, and although neither the state nor the scholar-bureaucrats aimed at embracing the diversity of culture and value this entailed, the acceptance of the practice of differen
Author: Dr. Saddam faisal kokez almohammediThe crude oil file in Iraq is the biggest and most concerning problem faced by consecutive Iraqi governments formed since 2003, due to the importance of this file at the national level. Perhaps the most significant part of the complexity that permeates this file is the conflict between the Federal Central Government and the Territorial Government, which is nurtured mainly by opposing legal and political perspectives resulting from viewing the constitutional texts of the 2005 Iraq's Federal Constit
Author: Makio YamadaOver the last decade, around a million Saudis, half of whom are women, joined the private sector. As of the third quarter of 2019, the private sector employed 1.67 million Saudis. The Nitaqat quotas introduced in 2011 especially boosted Saudization, doubling the number of Saudis in the private sector in three years to 1.4 million. Compared to this early boost, the speed of Saudization over the following years was slower as many relatively well-paid jobs had already been localized. The remaining jobs held by expats appear less attractive to Saudi citizens as suggested by the large—over SR 4,000—average monthly wage gap between Saudi and expat employee
Author: Mohammed Al-SudairiThe report explores how the Red Sea is conceived in Chinese-language academic discussions as a means towards understanding the strategic perceptions and calculations of Chinese political elites toward the region. It provides a detailed and comprehensive overview of China’s multifaceted and dynamic material footprint across the Red Sea, focusing primarily on its political, econo